Insomnia

Rajiv M. Joseph, MD, PhD, FAAN -  - Board Certified in Neurology

Rajiv M. Joseph, MD, PhD, FAAN

Board Certified in Neurology & Sleep Medicine located in Plano, TX

You probably associate insomnia with tossing and turning, counting endless sheep, or the never-ending search for the cool side of the pillow as you try to fall asleep. However, insomnia can also disrupt your sleep throughout the night or lead to unintended early waking. If you struggle to fall asleep or sleep through the night, schedule a consultation with Rajiv Joseph, MD, PhD, FAAN, at his sleep center in Plano, Texas, for expert diagnosis and treatments for insomnia. Appointments are available by calling Rajiv Joseph MD PA or using the online booking feature.

Insomnia Q & A

What is insomnia?

Insomnia is a widespread sleep disorder that affects approximately 60 million American adults every year. It leads to daytime fatigue, irritability, indecisiveness, and can inhibit your ability to drive or participate in other activities that require concentration and attention.

Insomnia is classified as either acute or chronic. Acute insomnia is short-term sleeplessness that’s often caused by a specific stressor, like a big project at work for example.

Chronic insomnia, on the other hand, occurs when you have at least three sleepless nights a week, for three months or more. You may have trouble falling asleep or either wake throughout the night or earlier than you intend.


What causes insomnia?

Many health conditions and lifestyle factors contribute to insomnia. For example, health conditions such as hyperthyroidism, cancer, asthma, and others can disrupt your sleep. Mental health conditions like depression, anxiety, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) can also lead to insomnia, and medications for colds, allergies, asthma, and high blood pressure may disrupt your sleep as well.

Your lifestyle can also affect your sleep. If you live with high levels of stress, you may have trouble sleeping. Additionally, eating late at night and using alcohol and tobacco products can interrupt your sleep.


How is insomnia diagnosed?

At his sleep center, Dr. Joseph diagnoses insomnia with a thorough evaluation and sleep studies. During your consultation, you talk to Dr. Joseph about your symptoms, sleep patterns and habits, overall health, and personal and family medical history. Dr. Joseph may order blood tests to check for health conditions that contribute to insomnia.

Dr. Joseph also uses sleep studies like a polysomnogram (PSG) to monitor and assess your sleep. Depending on your specific needs, you may attend overnight sleep study sessions at his sleep center or you may take equipment home with you for an at-home sleep study.


How is insomnia treated?

Dr. Joseph uses a variety of approaches to treat insomnia and often combines methods to provide the best possible outcomes. For example, he may prescribe medicine to help you sleep while also providing cognitive behavioral therapy to teach you how to control your thoughts and behaviors around sleeping.

He may suggest lifestyle modifications to reduce external influences that can disrupt your sleep as well. For example, he might advise eliminating caffeine and eating dinner at an earlier hour to ensure you have sufficient time to digest before going to bed. He also advocates for removing all televisions, tablets, computers, and phones from your bedroom to both reduce distractions and limit your exposure to the stimulating blue light emitted by screens.

If you can’t sleep, call Rajiv Joseph MD PA or schedule an appointment online today for expert help to address insomnia.